Ladies and Gentlemen, dear Colleagues,
this is to provide you with most recent policy and research News from
* England and Wales (UK)
* Europe (COE)
* Australia (NSW)
and with most recent hyperlinks to selected articles in Journals, offering Free Acces for a limited period of time.
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Hans-Juergen Kerner Listserv Mananger, Criminology_CriminalJustice_News
Seniorprofessor, Dr. iur., Institute of Criminology University of Tuebingen
Sand 7, 72076 Tuebingen, Germany
Phone: +49-7071-297 20 44// Fax: +49-7071-29 51 04
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Phone: +49-7071-297 29 31
List of Publications, partially with hyperlinks to PDF-Versions:
Criminal Justice News from the United Kingdom
Associations between ethnic background and being sentenced to prison in the Crown Court in England and Wales in 2015
From: Ministry of Justice
16 November 2016
Part of: Ad hoc justice statistics
These official statistics examine how self-reported ethnicity is associated with the odds of being sentenced to prison at the Crown Court, 2015
More at the following URL:
Research and analysis
Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic disproportionality in the Criminal Justice System in England and Wales
16 November 2016
This report examines ethnic group representation in the Criminal Justice System from charging through proven reoffending
The landscape of disproportionality for black, Asian and minority ethnic (BAME) individuals in the criminal justice system (CJS) is complex. Policing and specific policies, such as stop and search, are well evidenced and the subject of considerable debate in this arena. There is less published evidence on disproportionality from the point of Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) involvement onwards in the CJS. The analysis aims to identify key pinch-points in the CJS from this point onward, focusing on identifying where disproportionality becomes more pronounced and may therefore warrant further explanatory investigation. This paper contributes to an independent review led by the Rt Hon David Lammy (MP) considering the treatment of, and outcomes for, BAME adults and young people within the CJS in England and Wales.
More at the following URL:
Policy News from the COUNCIL of EUROPE, Strasburg, France
The European Council of Crime Problems (CDPC) has recently published its
White Paper on Prison Overcrowding
Direct Hyperlink to this Document via DBH-Server: White paper on prison overcrowding
Research News from Australia on the Control of Family Violence
|Breach rate of Apprehended Domestic Violence Orders in NSW|
|Abstract: New research by the NSW Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research (BOCSAR) has shown that the breach rate of Apprehended Domestic Violence Orders (ADVOs) is much lower than the 50% figure quoted in past media reports.
Past efforts to estimate the breach rate of ADVOs have simply divided the number of ADVO breaches by the number of final ADVOs granted. This ignores the fact that one order may generate several breaches and different types of ADVOs can be breached. There are three types of ADVOs that can be issued in NSW; Provisional Orders, Interim Court Orders and Final Orders. Provisional orders are short-term ADVOs that can be granted in urgent situations without the matter having to be brought before the court. An interim ADVO is a short-term order made by the court which can extend a provisional order or put protection(s) in place for the victim until a final ADVO application can be considered by the court.
A final ADVO can be made by the court after a defended hearing, if a defendant has been served with the ADVO documents but failed to appear in court or in cases where both parties consent to the conditions specified in the order.
BOCSAR tracked all ADVOs granted between 1 July 2013 and 30 June 2014 (inclusive), taking care not to count multiple breaches of the same order as if they were breaches of different orders. BOCSAR found that the breach rate was (a) five per cent for provisional orders (b) nine per cent for interim orders and (c) 20 per cent for final orders (which are much longer in duration). Most breaches involved only one incident per order (88% of provisional order breaches, 73% of interim order breaches and 64% of final order breaches). Of all ADVOs which were breached, 34% were breached within one month of being granted, 23% within 1-3 months and 18% within 3-6 months. Male, Indigenous and younger offenders breached their final order sooner than other defendants.
Commenting on the findings the director of BOCSAR said that ADVOs were not a miracle cure but in four out of five cases they put a stop to the violence, intimidation and harassment.
The full report can be found online here.
Free Access to Journal Articles for a Limited Period of Time:
Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly
News Content About Mass Shootings and Attitudes Toward Mental Illness by Laura C. Wilson, Alesha D. Ballman, and Theresa J. Buczek
Effects of Editorial Media Bias Perception and Media Trust on the Use of Traditional, Citizen, and Social Media News by Alberto Ardèvol-Abreu and Homero Gil de Zúñiga
Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin
Prosocial Conformity: Prosocial Norms Generalize Across Behavior and Empathy by Erik C. Nook, Desmond C. Ong, Sylvia A. Morelli, Jason P. Mitchell, and Jamil Zaki
More Polarized but More Independent: Political Party Identification and Ideological Self-Categorization Among U.S. Adults, College Students, and Late Adolescents, 1970-2015 by Jean M. Twenge, Nathan Honeycutt, Radmila Prislin, and Ryne A. Sherman
Justice Without Borders: The Influence of Psychological Distance and Construal Level on Moral Exclusion by Avital Mentovich, Daniel Yudkin, Tom Tyler, and Yaacov Trope
Searching for the Prosocial Personality: A Big Five Approach to Linking Personality and Prosocial Behavior by Meara M. Habashi, William G. Graziano, and Ann E. Hoover
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